Just outside of Augusta is the oldest wooden fort in America. Old Fort Western was built in 1754 and is now a National Historic Landmark. The fort was built by the Kennebec Proprietors to settle the lands that were given to the Pilgrims years before. Fort Western started out as a fortified storehouse. Supplies would arrive by boat roughly 4 times a year from Boston. The ships were unloaded at Fort Western, then shipped 17 miles up river to Fort Halifax.

Fort Western was never attacked during the French-Indian war, but did house some prisoners.